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Care Options Available For Navicular Disease

July 11, 2017 | Author: | Posted in Medicine

Horses are affected by diseases just like any other animal. Such ailments may be acute or chronic and might present with varying degree of signs and or symptom. Navicular disease is an example of a chronic ailment found in these animals. It is best described as a syndrome because there are several symptoms and signs associated with it. Disease of this kind is more common in horses with heavy body weight.

The ailment commonly affects front leg of this animal. The particular bone affected is named as navicular. Occasionally, some or all of its surrounding tissues get involved leading to chronic damage and eventual disability. The hind legs are rarely affected and it is notable that horses with heavy weight experience this condition more than other light weight species.

Pointing out the exact events and or pathogens that may be responsible to this ailment is still a question left to the scholars. However, there are a number of speculations or theories that attempt to answer this concern. The very first theory proposes that compression of this bone and hence its surrounding support may be a cause sickness. Such compression leads to tear and wear of ligaments, cartilage and the bone in question.

A second theory that attempts to explain onset of this illness is tension build up. A sustained tensile strain on ligaments as well as bone cartilage marks the onset of tissue degeneration. With time, inflammation sets in and worsens the already ailing leg condition. A combination of both inflammation and tension therefore leads to poor nourishment of the affected tissues and consequently lameness sets in. A third speculation regards first landing of toe while in active movement. Rapid landing is associated with steady but consistent wear out of support structures in the leg.

Proper trimming and shoe selection are some of the basic practices which enable individuals to protect their horses from this chronic kind of sickness. In addition to this, one should avoid practices as steep slope riding, galloping as well as jumping as they have all been associated with the onset of this sickness. The practices named above build more tension and strain on supportive structures and hence leads to degeneration of the bone in question.

One main symptom of this disease is pain on the heels. Affected animal is unable to bear its own weight effectively. If left untreated, the pain worsens with time and affected horse moves from mild and intermittent presentation to severe disability. Affected feet may change their shape considerably.

Treatment and management options are many and dependent on existing health condition. One such option is proper trimming. This practice assist in acceptable balance of neurological and biochemical components. Secondly, hoof care is equally vital in safety and wellness of these animals. A third option is proper arrangement for exercise. Intense exercise is unhealthy for the wellness of horses. There needs to be a proper guide on training time to avoid excessive strain. Last option requires treatment in the form of surgical intervention or drug administration.

In summary, horses need good health just like any other animal or human being. They should be cared for to obtain optimal health. In case of a disease, effort should be made to restore their health. In addition, all animals must be used appropriately to avoid preventable illnesses.

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